1.Screening:Removing the chaff and broken rice in the rice bran, in case of they will influence the oil yield and the desolvent of wet meal in the next process. In the process of puffing section, the general requirement of impurity is less than 3%, and the requirement of crude fiber is about 8%.
2.Magnetic separation :Clearing the iron impurity which migLD be in the rice brain. Since in the process of puffing, the iron impurity will be harmful to the screw of extrusion machine, affect the puffing effect. As the rice brain particles are small and poor liquidity, the iron impurities are always be wiped off by the magnetic barrels installed in the feeding port.
3.Quenching and tempering :it is the process of preheating so that to improve the temperature of the rice bran before puffing. After quenching and tempering the temperature will be controlled at 65--75 °C, and the moisture will be controlled at 10 ~12%. Thus, on the one side, it can increase the output of the extrusion machine, and on the other side, it can improve the quality of the puffed rice bran.
4.Puffing: the rice bran is injecting high pressure steam and high temperature water through the extrusion machine, so that it can improve the temperature and moisture in the extrusion machine,and can also form the high pressure to process the rice bran. All these can make the the rice bran become porous columnar structure from the original pulverized state.All these effectively passivate the activity of various of enzyme in the rice bran, and destroy the fat layer structure, so that it will be easier for the oil yield.
5.Drying:The moisture of puffed material comes from the extrusion machine is too big and the temperature is too high for direct leaching, the must be experience to process of drying and coo-ling, thus the moisture will reach 7%--9%, and temperature will reach 50-55°C. After puffing, the rice brain are usually dried and cooled by plat dryer.
corn germ oil refinery equipment
Basing on the traditional oil refining technoloLD, Shandong Leader LD Grain and Oil Machinery Co.,Ltd has developed the latest combined packing layer plate deodorization soft tower and the physical and chemical mixed refining technoloLD for crude oil of any quality. Moreover, a series of advanced technoloLD and equipment are used, such as super wet deguming, bleaching earth automatic metering, negative pressure decoloring, high vacuum steam jet deodorization, deacidification, winterization dewaxing etc.. With advanced technoloLD, superior equipment, full-automatic control and excellent economic and technical parameters, our equipment can meet customers' different refinery equipments at home and abroad.
Main Processes Introduction
Hydration Deguming & Alkali Refining Deacidification Process
Neutralization: the crude oil is output by the oil feed pump from the oil tank, and next enters the crude oil heat exchanger to recover part of heat after metering and then is heated to the required temperature by the heater. After that, the oil is mixed with the metered phosphoric acid or citric acid from phosphate tank in the gas mixture (M401), and then enters the conditioning tank (R401) to make the non-hydratable phospholipids in oil change into the hydratable phospholipids. Add the alkali for neutralization, and the alkali quantity and alkali solution concentration depend on the quality of the crude oil. Through the heater, the neutralized oil is heated to the temperature (90ÃÂ°C) suitable for centrifugal separation to remove the phospholipids, FFA and other impurities in the crude oil. Then the oil goes to the washing process.
Washing: there is still about 500ppm soap in the neutralized oil from the separator. To remove the remaining soap, add into the oil about 5~8% hot water, with water temperature 3~5 ÃÂ°C higher than the oil generally. To achieve more stable washing effect, add phosphoric acid or citric acid when washing. The re-mixed oil and water in the mixer is heated to 90-95ÃÂ°C by the heater, and then enters the wash separator to separate the remaining soap and most water. The water with soap and oil enters into oil separator to separate out oil in the water. Further catch the oil outside, and the waste water is discharged to the sewage treatment station.
Vacuum drying stage: there is still moisture in the oil from the wash separator, and the moisture will affect the stability of the oil. So the oil at 90ÃÂ°C should be sent to vacuum drier to remove the moisture, and then the dehydrated oil goes to the decoloring process. Finally, pump out the dry oil by canned pump.
Continuous Refining Decoloring Process
The main function of decoloring process is to remove oil pigment, residual soap grain and metal ions. Under negative pressure, the mechanical mixing method combined with steam mixing will improve the decoloring effect.
The degummed oil firstly enters into the heater to be heated to the appropriate temperature (110ÃÂ°C), and then goes to the bleaching earth mixing tank. The bleaching earth is delivered from the low bleaching box to the temporary tank by wind. The bleaching earth is added by automatic metering and is interlockingly controlled with the oil.
The oil mixed with the bleaching earth overflows into the continuous decolorizer, which is stirred by non-powered steam. The decolored oil enters into the two alternate leaf filters to be filtered. Then the filtered oil enters the decolored oil storage tank through the security filter. The decolored oil storage tank is designed as the vacuum tank with the nozzle inside, so as to prevent the decolored oil contacting with the air and influencing its peroxide value and color reversion.
Continuous Decoloring Process Features:
1. The oil fully contacting with the decolorant can improve the decolorization efficiency and reduce the usage of decolorant;
2. The continuous and uniform material flows will balance the decoloring time and avoid the recovery of grease oxidation and acid value.
3. The special mixing structure of decoloring tower won't cause the material dead area, which can avoid the adsorbent sedimentation and pipe blockage.
4. The continuous airtigLD efficient filtration equipment has realized the automation of cake discharge and reduced the labor intensity.
5. The advanced drying technoloLD can reduce the oil content in filter cake.
Continuous Refining Deodorizing Process
The qualified decolored oil enters into the spiral plate heat exchanger to recover most of the heat, and next goes to high pressure steam heat exchanger to be heated to the process temperature (240-260ÃÂ°C) and then enters the deodorization tower. The upper layer of combined deodorization tower is the packing structure which is mainly used to remove the odor producing components such as free fatty acid (FFA); the bottom layer is the plate tower which is mainly for achieving the hot decoloring effect and reducing the peroxide value of the oil to zero. Oil from the deodorization tower enters into the heat exchanger to recover most of the heat and makes further heat exchange with crude oil, and then is cooled to 80-85ÃÂ°C through the cooler. Add the required antioxidant and flavor agent, and then cool the oil below 50ÃÂ°C and store it. Such volatiles as FFA from the deodorizing system are separated by the packing catcher, and the separated liquid is FFA at low temperature (60-75ÃÂ°C). When the liquid level in the temporary tank is too high, the oil will be sent to the FFA storage tank.
Automatic Control System
Our company has applied the automatic control system with advancedness, security, reliability into the pretreatment, extraction, refining and fractionation in large oil plants. For its application in automatic control system, it can control the production in the entire workshop and monitor the operational status of each device by controlling the computer terminals in the room. One person only can operate the entire workshop, with efficient production management. It has reduced the production cost greatly and improved the management efficiency.
Shandong Leader Mechanical Equipment Co., LTD believe that whatever the field is, quality has always been at the heart of the company’s performance. We treat quality and service as a way of life and hope to serve you in the LD possible manner on a long term and mutually beneficial basis. If you want to know more information about our sunflower oil plant or any other seed processing plant, please contact us in the following form. Our responsible, experienced sunflower oil processing technical team is always ready to serve and guide you at any time.
All the other oil seeds pre-treatment and oil refining equipment, lLD sheller, cleaning sieve, cooker, filter and others is available at Guangxin. If you want to know to start a vegetable oil pressing line with oil press machine, please contact us, we will offer you the LD plan.
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Shandong Leader Mechanical Equipment Co., LTD is your LD choice!